Subhi Shuaib

He is an Artist and painter and one of the pioneers of artistic realism who left a distinctive mark in the whole history of Syrian formation, guiding generations of artists.

Subhi Shuaib was born in Damascus (1909) and his artistic tendencies appeared at an early age by the artist Abdul Hamid Abd Rabbo, he studied painting at the "teachers' House" Institute in Damascus and graduated from it in (1929).

He was inspired by French artist Michele and English artist Jung and worked with them to paint people and nature.

He moved to live in the city of Homs and settled there in (1936) and studied arts in its high schools and soon became one of the most prominent faces in the artistic scene of the city, he retired from teaching in 1967. During his stay in Homs in (1962), he founded a center for the fine arts from which many prominent artists graduated. He always supported artists from providing them with artistic guidance to develop their works, to buying many of their works to encourage them to persevere and produce.

He painted in a traditional realistic style, which is observed in his paintings of nature and simple and struggling people. These paintings came as a document of Syrian life, relying on his ingenuity in the use of color and thickness.

The most famous painting is (a mistake in distribution) in which he depicted social differences, and the painting (return to the village) for which he won the first prize in the official exhibition of Syrian artists (1950) at the National Museum in Damascus, this painting brought a familiar scene of farmers selling their products in village markets and buying their goods from them, which was characterized by the spontaneous movement of people, the harmony of the shade, the light and the cheerful oil colors.  Other works include (Thursday in Hama), (a view in Mimas), (red lilies), (dice players in Hama) and others.

The artist received a gold medal for his role in artistic education in (1969) and was named a member of the Council of Arts as well as the "pioneer of the cosmetic movement in Homs".

He participated in many local and international exhibitions, including:

Beirut exhibition in partnership with 80 artists from Syria and Lebanon in 1940

An exhibition at the High School in 1945-1946

Exhibition at the Youth Festival in Berlin in 1951-1955

Youth Exhibition in Warsaw 1966

A traveling exhibition in the cities of the former Soviet Union

After his death in (1974), the center was named after him in his memory and the center of Sobhi Shuaib to this day is still a meeting place for plastic artists and a basic exhibition in the city to remain the experience of Sobhi Shuaib a distinctive sign on the wall of the Syrian formation with its values, authenticity and its connection to the local Syrian environment.


Translated by: Jafar Shaban